Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary in KochiMangalavanam Bird Sanctuary, the green lung of Kochi, is a beautiful habitat that houses as many as 32 species of birds which includes migratory as well as resident birds too. It falls just behind the Kerala High Court building and is located in the heart of Kochi making it easily accessible to all. The green environment surrounding the bird sanctuary together with the neighboring Arabian Sea offers you a serene environment.
This sanctuary is a refuge for numerous birds and would be loved by bird watchers. With all its greenery this place has a pretty cool environment. You have a large variety of trees and some rare species of plants too. These include teak, different types of mangroves like Avicennia officinalis, Rhizophora mucronata, Acanthus ilicifolius and Acrostichum aureum present in this sanctuary. As per the reports given by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Acanthus ilicifolius as well as the Rhizophora mucranata are rarest of all species.
Other than birds and trees this sanctuary also has some unique species of mammals too which include the Indian flying-fox, black rat, bandicota, Eurasian otter, painted bat and the dusky palm squirrel. Some of the fishes found here include species of the Orange chromide, Blackline rasbora,Sarotherodon mossambica, Etroplus suratensis, Anabas testudineus, Striped panchax and the Malabar swamp eel. A survey in 2006 showed that this sanctuary had about 32 species of birds and count went up to 194 birds. Rare butterflies are also spotted here and 17 varieties were noted here.
There have been some deep concerns about the sanctuary as numerous birds are found to be leaving the place. The ecosystem for birds may be hampered due to the increasing number of high rise building in the surrounding areas. They hinder the birds from moving freely and is an obstruction while bring food or nesting materials. As such the sanctuary along with its bordering area has been declared an eco-sensitive place. Real estate developments have to obey the restrictions that have been put forward. As per the survey conducted by ornithologists the surrounding area must not have buildings more 3 to 4 floors. Prominent colors and strong lights may scare away the birds so they should be avoided in the eco-sensitive area. Again waste disposals near the Mangalavanam is found to attract a large number of crows which pose a danger for eggs as well the babies of residing birds here. So restrictions in dumping of waste has also been put forward.
Address: Mathai Manjooran Road, Ayyappankavu, Kerala-682018
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