Geography of Kochi
Location of KochiKochi is situated at sea mouth of seven rivers that originates from the Western Ghats and traverses the lowlands, midlands and coastal areas of Kochi and finally drains out in Arabian Sea.
Physical Features of Kochi
The main soil type is alluvium, brown sand, teri and other recently formed sediments. Along the sea belts and backwaters the soil type is mostly hydromorphic saline soil. Rocks available in the region are Charnockites, Archaean basic dykes and Gneisses.
Islands of Kochi
Among the various islands of Kochi, Willingdon Island is an artificial island that was created by Lord Willingdon by dredging Vembanad Lake. The islands are small in size, about 4 square kilometres. The islands are:
- Bolghatty Island or Ponjikkara
- Vypeen Island
- Willingdon Island
Climate of Kochi
Flora and Fauna in KochiTropical flowers and mangrove trees dominate this region. Vegetation such as Portulaca, Launaea, Hydrocotyle, Ipomoea, Cynodon, Cyperus, Spinifex, Moniera, Lipia, Digitari and many more are common in this area.
The backwaters of Kochi are home to a variety of fishes including dolphins. The Mangalavanam, located at the centre of this urban city is a beautiful forest area that attracts a variety of migratory birds and is ideal for the growth of mangroves. Mangalavanam is a protected bird sanctuary and this wild park has helped the Kochiites in tackling the growing pollution problem in the city.
Facts and Figures of KochiGeographical area: 87.5 square kilometers
Altitude: Sea level
Population: 2.3 milllion
Average rainfall: 3,228.3 mm or 127.10 in
Languages: Malayalam, English
Religions: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism
Best time to visit: October to April